During the third plenary session, representatives of the parliamentary delegations considered economic, commercial and financial affairs, technological and environmental issues, as well as legal and political affairs.
The report “Strengthening parliamentary cooperation in the field of disasters. Risk Reduction and Emergency Assistance in the BSEC Region” was delivered by Fatih Donmez, the Member of the PABSEC Committee on Economic, Commercial and Financial Affairs, Head of the Turkish Delegation.
In his speech, he noted in particular that the BSEC countries should have sufficient human resources to overcome the challenges they face in order to reduce the risk from natural disasters.
“It is very important to create effective cooperation at the regional level. We have to protect our population and our territory. We also need to focus our efforts on maximising the effectiveness of mutual assistance in the region and develop appropriate legislation to help us do so,” the Turkish MP said.
The speaker also stressed the importance of organisational cooperation between the necessary institutions, where, according to him, coordination in the development of legislation and regulations, as well as the involvement of science and technology, will play an important role.
“With the help of BSEC and PABSEC, we can develop many solutions, in particular in the prevention of forest fires, earthquakes and other natural disasters. We have to coordinate our efforts for mutual assistance,” added Fatih Donmez.
Ivan Kyrylenko, the Member of the Permanent Delegation of Ukraine to the PABSEC, said during the discussion of the report that the worst thing is man-made disasters, such as war.
“I'm talking about russia’s aggression against Ukraine, which was unprovoked and unmotivated. Thousands and thousands of innocent civilians have been killed. Irreparable damage has been done to the environment. Millions of hectares of land have been taken out of use, poisoned for decades by explosives. There is a war on this land and it needs to be reclaimed, demined and restored to life,” said Ivan Kyrylenko.
The MP submitted specific proposals for consideration by the Ukrainian delegation, including: assistance from the BSEC member states in the reclamation of Ukrainian land, in particular, the land in the South of Ukraine adjacent to the Black Sea basin; demining. The MP also recalled international programmes that deal with the environment.
“Southern Ukraine is extremely favourable for vegetable growing, horticulture, etc. And we suggest that you create, perhaps, a small fund to support family farming and processing, to develop joint ventures. We are in trouble – and we ask you to help our respected organisation through parliaments, through ministries to join forces so that every member of the BSEC has a perspective even in such difficult conditions.”
The recommendations on “Strengthening Parliamentary Cooperation in Disaster Risk Reduction and Emergency Relief in the BSEC Region” were presented by the Chairman of the PABSEC Committee on Economic, Commercial and Financial Affairs, Oleksandr Marikovskyi. He thanked all the parliamentarians who came to the General Assembly for their strong support of Ukraine. In particular, he proposed to change the format of international meetings and involve entrepreneurs, chambers of commerce, specialised associations, and government representatives in meetings dedicated to specific topics of economic relations.
In the Recommendation, in particular, the PABSEC recognises that the protection of the population and territories in the event of natural and man-made disasters and other emergencies is one of the most important tasks of the state and a significant component of national security.
The PABSEC reiterates its commitment to parliamentary cooperation in the field of disaster risk reduction and disaster relief. The PABSEC also underlines the significant role of parliaments and parliamentary cooperation in disaster risk reduction and disaster relief and appreciates the efforts of the national parliaments of the BSEC Member States.
The Parliamentarians of the PABSEC Member States also discussed the Report and Recommendation on “National Strategies in the Field of Artificial Intelligence in the BSEC Member States”.
Oleksii Movchan, the Member of the Permanent Delegation of Ukraine to the PABSEC, took part in the discussion. In particular, he reminded that the nearest frontline in the war unleashed by russia against Ukraine is 400 km from the capital.
“There is no doubt that russia is the aggressor and the aggression is now ongoing not only against Ukraine, but also against other nationalities and countries in the Black Sea region. russia has suspended its participation in the PABSEC, so it is time for all of us to build closer and fairer relations for our well-being, future generations and our peoples. We have very clear tasks that we have to fulfil. These include trade, cross-border relations, food security and other issues.”
Oleksii Movchan also noted that the member states of the Organisation need to develop a programme that will include countering aggression in the Black Sea region and will be based on the common welfare within the region.
“We have to take measures to fight terrorism, to strengthen sanctions against russia, a country that has violated the world order and international law. A country that violates regional borders in the Black Sea region must be condemned. All russian goods – grain, oil, gas – must be banned from importation in the region. Exports of technology and development and weapons to russia must also be banned. Because all of this is used against the security of not only the Ukrainian but also other peoples of the Black Sea region,” the parliamentarian said.
The participants of the meeting adopted the Recommendation on “National Strategies in the Field of Artificial Intelligence in the BSEC Member States”, which proposes, inter alia, to create and improve laws to ensure effective cooperation in the field of artificial intelligence and, on their basis, national strategies with clear accountability and responsibility.
“The PABSEC welcomes the efforts of countries at the international level within the UN, the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and many other organisations, as well as bilateral and regional forms of cooperation in this area. Cooperation in various forms should contribute to the safe and responsible development of artificial intelligence systems that will successfully address global challenges. In this regard, it is necessary to strengthen the role of BSEC and PABSEC in using the potential of multilateral cooperation in the field of artificial intelligence within their competence,” the document says.
In addition, during the third plenary session of the 62nd PABSEC General Assembly, the parliamentarians adopted the Report “30 Years of the PABSEC: Expanding Cooperation in the Black Sea Region” and the Recommendation to the Report, which states that the Assembly should continue to improve its efficiency and the activity of its members, strengthen the interaction between the Assembly and national parliaments, and find the most effective solutions to common problems faced by the countries of the region, taking into account the country’s specifics, circumstances, as well as key historical, economic, social and political factors.
“The Assembly recommends that the parliaments and governments of the BSEC Member States pay particular attention to the effective exchange of experience among parliamentarians on strengthening regional integration within the framework of the interrelated processes of regionalisation and globalisation of international cooperation. It is necessary to join the efforts of national parliaments to support the implementation of the “Economic Agenda: Towards a Sustainable Future for the Wider Black Sea Region” and take the necessary measures to eliminate differences in legal and regulatory systems between countries that complicate the implementation of economic goals,” the Recommendation states.